National Pony Society Area 32

RIDING PONY

The British Riding Pony should possess a good, honest, attractive head with a bold, intelligent eye, well set on head and neck from the shoulder, with a good prominent riding wither. It should have a flat, sloping shoulder with good length of rein, deep heart room and well sprung ribs. There should be sufficient depth through the loin with enough scope to carry a saddle. The quarters should have sufficient length with a well set on tail, with the hind leg correctly put on from the loin, giving a strong second thigh and a good strong, clean hock.

The limbs should have sufficient quality bone to carry the body, with good broad knees, short flat canon bone and the fetlock joints should be large enough to stand hard work. Also, there should be a good open shape to the foot, the pasterns being the correct length and angled at roughly 45 degrees to the ground. A show pony should have elegance combined with movement, with pony type, quality bone and sufficient substance. The action should be true, straight and floating, covering the ground with effortless ease. 


 

HUNTER PONY

The Hunter Pony should possess a good, honest head with a bold, intelligent eye, well set on head and neck from the shoulder, with a good prominent riding wither. It should have a flat, sloping shoulder with good length of rein, deep heart room and well sprung ribs. There should be sufficient depth through the loin with enough scope to carry a saddle. The quarters should have sufficient length with a well set on tail, with the hind leg correctly put on from the loin, giving a strong second thigh and a good strong, clean hock.

The limbs should have good bone with sufficient substance to carry a deep and compact body A hunter pony should have correct type with bone, substance and true action. The movement should be athletic with good engagement of the hind quarters but without the extravagance of the show pony.

Shetland/Exmoor/Dartmoor

SHETLAND

Height: Registered stock must not exceed 40 inches (102 cms) at three years or under or 42 inches (107 cms) at four years or over. Ponies are measured from the withers to the ground, by measuring stick, and a level stance, preferably concrete, should be used.
Colour: Shetland ponies may be any colour known in horses except spotted.
Coat: The coat changes according to the seasons: a double coat in winter with guard hairs which shed the rain and keep the pony's skin completely dry in the worst of the weather and, by contrast, a short summer coat which should carry a beautiful silky sheen. At all times the mane and tail hair should be long, straight and profuse and the feathering of the fetlocks straight and silky.
Head: The head should be small, carried well and in proportion. Ears should be small and erect, wide set but pointing well forward. Forehead should be broad with bold, dark, intelligent eyes. Muzzle must be broad with nostrils wide and open. Teeth and jaw must be correct.
Forelegs: Should be well placed with sufficient good, flat bone. Strong forearm. Short balanced cannon bone. Springly pasterns.
Hindlegs: The thighs should be strong and muscular with well-shaped strong hocks, neither hooky nor too straight. When viewed from behind, the hindlegs should not be set too widely apart, nor should the hocks be turned in.
Feet: Tough, round and well-shaped - not too short, narrow, contracted or thin.
Action: Straight, free action using every joint. Tracking up well.
General: A most salient and essential feature of the Shetland Pony is its general air of vitality (presence), stamina and robustness. 


 

EXMOOR

Height: The preferred height range is: -
Stallions & Geldings 11.3 hh (119.4 cm) to 12.3 hh (129.5cm) at maturity.
Mares 11.2 hh (116.8 cm) to 12.2 hh (127 cm) at maturity.
General Appearance or Type: Definite "pony" character; hard and strong; vigorous and alert and symmetrical in appearance; mealy muzzle; "Toad eyes".
Head and neck: Ears short, thick and pointed; clean-cut face; wide forehead; eyes large, wide apart and prominent (Toad eyes); wide nostrils; mealy muzzle; clean throat; good length of rein.
Shoulders: Clean, fine at top, well laid back.
Chest: Deep & wide between and behind forelegs. Ribs long, deep, well sprung and wide apart.
Back: Level; broad and level across loins; tail neatly set in.
Legs: Clean and short, with neat hard feet; forelegs straight, well apart and squarely set; hind legs well apart, nearly perpendicular from hock to fetlock with point of hock in line with pelvis bone, wide curve from flank to hock joint; legs free in motion with no tendency to sweep or turn.
Action: Straight and smooth, without exaggerated action.
Coat: Summer - close, hard and bright. Winter -a double-layered dense coat with an under insulating layer of fine, springy hair and an outer water-proofing layer of hard, greasy hair.
Colour: Bay, brown or dun, with black points; mealy colour on muzzle, round eyes and inside flanks; no white markings anywhere.

 

 


DARTMOOR

 

Height: Not exceeding 12.2hh (127cm)
Colour: Bay, Black, Brown, Chestnut, Grey and Roan. Piebalds and Skewbalds are not allowed. Excessive white markings should be discouraged.
Head and Neck: The head should be small with large kindly eyes and small alert ears. It should be well set on a good neck of medium length. The throat and jaws should be fine and showing no signs of coarseness or throatiness. Stallions have a moderate crest.
Shoulders: Good shoulders are most important. They should be well laid back and sloping but not too fine at the withers.
Body: Of medium length and strong, well ribbed up and with a good depth of girth, giving plenty of heart room.
Loin and Hindquarters: Strong and well covered with muscle. The hindquarters should be of medium length and neither level nor steeply sloping. The tail should be well set up.
Limbs: The hocks should be well let down with plenty of length from hip to hock, clean cut and with plenty of bone below the hock. They should have a strong second thigh. The fore legs should not be tied in at the elbows. The fore arm should be muscular and relatively long and the knee fairly large and flat on the front. The cannons should be short with ample good, flat, flinty bone. The pasterns should be sloping but not too long. The feet should be hard and well shaped.
Movement: Low and straight coming from the shoulder with good hock action but without exaggeration.
General: The mane and tail should be full and flowing. The Dartmoor is a very good looking riding pony, sturdily built yet with quality. Ponies should be shown in a clean but natural state with full mane and tail.

Connemara/New Forest

CONNEMARA

Height: Normally 128cms to 148 cms at maturity.
Colours: Grey, black, bay, brown, dun with occasional roan, chestnut, palomino and dark eyed cream.
Type: Compact, well balanced riding type with depth, substance and good heart room. Standing on short legs covering a lot of ground.

Head: Well-balanced pony head of medium length with good width between large kindly eyes. Pony ears, well-defined cheekbone, jaw relatively deep but not coarse.
Front: Head well set on to neck. Crest should not be over-developed. Neck not set on too low. well laid-back shoulder giving a good length of rein.
Body: Body should be deep, with strong back, some length permissible but should be well ribbed up and with strong loins.
Limbs: Good length and strength in forearm, well-defined knees and short cannons with flat bone measuring 18-21 cms. Elbows should be free. Pasterns of medium length, feet well shaped of medium size, hard and level.
Hind- quarters: Strong and muscular with some length, well developed second thighs (gaskin) and strong low-set hocks.
Movement: Movement free, easy and true, without undue knee action but active and covering the ground.


 

NEW FOREST

Height: The upper Height limit is 148 cms. There is no lower limit but New Forest ponies are seldom under 12 hands (120 cms). They are normally shown in 2 height sections 13.2. Hands and under and over 13.2 hands.
Colour: New Forest ponies may be any colour except piebald, skewbald, or blue eyed cream. Palomino or very light; chestnut cream ponies with dark eyes are only acceptable as geldings and mares. Blue eyes are not permitted. White markings on the head and legs are permitted. White markings that occur behind the head and above a line parallel to the ground from the point of the hock in the hind leg and the top of the metacarpal bone or bend in the knee in the fore leg are not permitted.
Type: New Forest ponies should be of riding type with substance. They should have sloping shoulders, strong quarters, plenty of bone, good depth of body, straight limbs and good hard round feet. The larger ponies, while narrow enough for small children, are quite capable of carrying adults. The smaller ponies, though not up to so much weight, often show more quality.
Action: This should be free, active and straight but not exaggerated.
Temperament: The New Forest Pony has an ideal temperament and should be very easy to train.

Highland/Dales/Fell

HIGHLAND

Height: The height is 13 hh to 14.2 hh (132 - 148 cms).
Head: Well carried and alert with kindly eye. Broad muzzled and with a deep jowl.
Neck & Shoulder: Reasonable length of neck going from wither with a good sloping shoulder and well placed forearm.
Body: Well-balanced and compact with deep chest with plenty of room for heart and lungs, ribs well sprung.
Quarters and hindlegs: Powerful quarters with well developed thigh, strong second thigh and clean flat hocks.
Legs: Flat hard bone; broad knees; short cannon bones, oblique pasterns and well shaped broad dark hoofs. Feather soft and silky.
Mane and Tail: Hair should be natural flowing and untrimmed with a full tail.
Colours: A range of duns, mouse, yellow, grey, cream. Also grey, brown, black and occasionally bay and liver chestnut with silver mane and tail. Many ponies have a dorsal stripe and some show zebra markings on legs and shoulder. A small star is acceptable but other white markings are discouraged. Foal coat often changes and many ponies change colour gradually as they grow older, especially those with grey hairs interspersed with the original colour. Others show a slight seasonal change in colour between winter and summer coats. Broken colours are not allowed.
N.B. Stallions with white markings other than a small star are NOT eligible for licensing.
Action: Straight and free moving without undue knee action.
Capabilities: A ride, drive and pack pony and can adapt to many equestrian disciplines. Ridden classes are often split into two a) 14hh and under b) Over 14hh 

 


DALES

Height: The preferred height range is 14hhh to 14.2hh. Over height ponies will be downgraded to the grading-up register.
General: A strong, active pony, full of quality and spirit.
Head: Neat and pony like, showing no dish. Broad between the eyes, which should be bright and alert. Pony ears slightly incurving. Long forelock of straight hair down the face.
Neck: Strong and of ample length. Stallions should display a bold outlook with well-arched crest. Throat and jaws clean-cut. Long, flowing mane.
Shoulders: Well-laid, long, sloping shoulders with well-developed muscles. Withers not too fine.
Body: Short-coupled and deep through the chest, with well-sprung ribs.
Hindquarters: Hindquarters deep, lengthy and powerful. Second thighs well-developed and very muscular. Tail well set on, not high, with plenty of long, straight hair reaching the ground.
Hocks: Broad, flat and clean. Well let down with plenty of dense flat bone below.
Forearms: Set square. Short and very muscular, with broad, well-developed knees.
Feet, legs & joints: The very best of feet and legs. Flexible joints, showing quality with no coarseness. The cannons should display 8"-9.½" of flat flinty bone and well defined tendons. Pasterns should be nicely sloping and of good length. Ample silky feather on the heels. Large, round feet, open at the heels, with well developed frogs. Hooves have distinctive blue horn
Colours: Black, brown, a few grey and bay, and occasionally roan.
Markings: A white star and/or snip on the head. White fetlocks to the hind legs only. Mismarked ponies will be down-graded to the grading-up register.
Action: Clean, high straight and true. Going forward on "all fours" with tremendous energy. The knee and hock are lifted, the hindlegs flexed well under the body for powerful drive.
Character: True pony character. Alert, highly couraged, intelligent and kind.


 

FELL

Height: Not exceeding 14 hands (142.2 cm). (No lower height limit).
Colour: Black, Brown, Bay or Grey preferably with no white markings, though a star or a little white on the hind feet is allowed. Chestnuts, piebalds and skewbalds are debarred.
Head: Small, well chiselled in outline, well set on, forehead broad, tapering to nose.
Nostrils: Large and expanding.
Eyes: Prominent, bright, mild and intelligent.
Ears: Neatly set, well formed and small.
Throat and jaws: Fine, showing no signs of throatiness or coarseness.
Neck: Of proportionate length, giving good length of rein, strong and not too heavy, moderate crest in case of stallion. Shoulders Most important, well laid back and sloping, not too fine at withers, not loaded at the points - a good long shoulder blade, muscles well developed.
Carcass: Good strong back of good outline, muscular loins, deep carcass, thick through heart, round ribbed from shoulders to flank, short and well coupled, hind quarters square and strong with tail well set on.
Feet, legs and joints: Feet of good size, round and well formed, open at heels with the characteristic blue horn, fair sloping pasterns not too long, forelegs should be straight, well placed not tied at the elbows. Big well-formed knees, short cannon bone, plenty of good flat bone below knee eight inches at least, great muscularity of arm. Hooves have distinctive blue horn.
Hind legs: Good thighs and second thighs, very muscular, hocks well let down and clean cut, plenty of bone below joint, hocks should not be sickle nor cow-hocked.
Action: Walk, smart and true. Trot well balanced all round with good knee and hock action, going well from the shoulder and flexing the hocks, not going too wide nor near behind. Should show great pace and endurance, bringing the hind legs well under the body when going.
Mane, tail and feathers: Plenty of fine hair (coarse hair objectionable) all the fine hair except that at the point of heel may be cast in summer. Mane and tail are left to grow long.

Welsh

WELSH A

Height: Not exceeding 12 hands high (121.9 cms).
General Character: Hardy, spirited and pony-like.
Colour: Any colour, except piebald and skewbald.
Head: Small, clean-cut, well set on and tapering to the muzzle.
Eyes: Bold.
Ears: Well-placed, small and pointed, well up on the head, proportionately close.
Nostrils: Prominent and open.
Jaws and Throat: Clean and finely cut, with ample room at the angle of the jaw.
Neck: Lengthy, well carried and moderately lean in the case of mares, but inclined to be cresty in the case of mature stallions.
Shoulders: Long and sloping well back. Withers moderately fine, but not "knifey". The humerus upright so that the foreleg is not set in under the body.
Forelegs: Set square and true, and not tied in at the elbows. Long, strong forearm, well developed knee, short flat bone below knee, pasterns of proportionate slope and length, feet well-shaped and round, hoofs dense.
Back and Loins: Muscular, strong and well coupled.
Girth: Deep.
Ribs: Well sprung.
Hind Quarters: Lengthy and fine. Not cobby, ragged or goose-rumped. Tail well set on and carried gaily.
Hind Legs: Hocks to be large, flat and clean with points prominent, to turn neither inward nor outward. The hind leg not to be too bent. The hock not to be set behind a line from the point of the quarter to the fetlock joint. Pasterns of proportionate slope and length. Feet well shaped, hoofs dense.
Action: Quick, free and straight from the shoulder, well away in front. Hocks well flexed with straight and powerful leverage and well under the body.


WELSH B


 

Height: Not exceeding 13.2 hands high (137.2 cms).
General Character: The general description of ponies in Section A of the Stud Book (given above) is applicable to those in Section B, but more particularly the Section B pony shall be described as a riding pony, with quality, riding action, adequate bone and substance, hardiness and constitution and with pony character. 

 

 

 


 

WELSH C & D

Height:
Section C - not exceeding 13.2hh (137.2 cms)
Section D - no upper height limit
General Character: Strong, hardy and active, with pony character and as much substance as possible.
Colour: Any colour, except piebald and skewbald.
Head: Full of quality and pony character. A coarse head and Roman nose are most objectionable.

Section C

Eyes: Bold, prominent, set widely apart.
Ears: Neat and well set. Neck Lengthy and well carried. Moderately lean in the case of mares, but inclined to be cresty in the case of mature stallions.
Shoulders: Strong but well laid back.

Section D

Forelegs: Set square and not tied in at the elbows. Long, strong forearms. Knees well developed with an abundance of bone below them. Pasterns of proportionate slope and length. Feet well-shaped. Hoofs dense. When in the rough, a moderate quantity of silky feather is not objected to but coarse wiry hair is a definite objection.
Middlepiece: Back and loins , muscular, strong and well coupled. Deep through the heart and well ribbed up.
Hind Quarters: Lengthy and strong. Ragged or drooping quarters are objectionable. Tail well set on.
Hind Legs: Second thighs, strong and muscular. Hocks, large, flat and clean, with points prominent, turning neither inwards nor outwards. The hind legs must not be too bent and the hock not set behind a line falling from the point of the quarter to the fetlock joint. Pasterns of proportionate slope and length. Feet well shaped. Hooves dense.
Action: Free, true and forcible. The knee should be bent and the whole foreleg should be extended straight from the shoulder and as far forward as possible in the trot. Hocks flexed under the body with straight and powerful leverage.